Balenciaga is a luxury fashion brand that was founded in Spain in 1919 by Cristóbal Balenciaga. Born in 1895, Balenciaga, began his career as a tailor in his home town of Guetaria and eventually opened his first boutique in San Sebastian in 1919. Balenciaga quickly established himself as a master of couture and his innovative designs, such as the "baby doll" line and the "sack" dress, were highly influential in the fashion world. He moved his headquarters to Paris in 1937, where he continued to design until 1968.
After Balenciaga's retirement, in 1968, the brand was taken over by several different designers, but it struggled to maintain its reputation as a leading fashion house. In 2001, the company was purchased by the French luxury goods conglomerate Kering, and in 2015, Demna Gvasalia was appointed as the new Creative Director. He has helped revitalize the brand and bring it back to the forefront of fashion. Today, Balenciaga is known for its avant-garde designs and ongoing collaborations with other luxury brands.